If viewed theoretically, there are many factors that cause growth and development of a social problem. In general, the causal factors include structural factors, namely the pattern – the pattern of interpersonal relationships in community life and cultural factors, namely the value – the value that grows and develops in community life. Changes in these two factors is defined as the main causes of the emergence of a social problem. When there is a change in the pattern – the pattern of social relations and the change in value – social values, then there will be various possibilities acceptance of such changes. For example there are very ready, quite ready, and even totally unprepared dala accept the changes. Readiness and the unpreparedness of the discrepancies in adaptation in the social environment. If they are largely unprepared for these changes, then comes social problems. Social problems arise due to the significant difference between the value of the community with the existing reality.Social problems, namely as a process of social and natural disasters. The existence of social problems in society are set by the agency that has a special authority, such as community leaders, government, social organizations, community meetings, and so forth. The causes of social problems can be categorized into four types of factors, including the following
1. Economic Factors
Economic factors are the biggest factors causes of social problems. The global crisis and layoffs started happening in many places and can lead to crime. The problem driven by the inability of a person to meet their needs appropriately, ie unemployment, street children, and others.
2. Cultural Factors
The social problems caused by cultural factors triggered due to a mismatch implementation of values, norms, and social interests as a result of the process of social change and the pattern of heterogeneous society / multicultural. Examples of these problems, such as juvenile delinquency, tribal conflict, gender discrimination, and even the recognition of cultural property across the state.
Juvenile delinquency is one of the social problems caused by cultural factors. This social problem, it is difficult to remove because teenagers like to try things – new things that have a negative effect as illegal drugs.
3. Biological Factors
This problem can arise due to mismatches circumstances that could potentially destabilize the biological condition of the community, like a plague, a new disease virus and food poisoning. Infectious diseases can cause social problems if the disease has spread in the region.
4. Psychological Factors
Cult common in Indonesia and disturbing the public even though many have been arrested and disbanded but the cult is still popping up in public to date. In addition to a cult, psychological factors that factor into social problems, namely asylum, weak memory, difficulty adjusting, and others – others.